On the Role of Three-Dimensional Inverse Design Methods in Turbomachinery Shape Optimization

Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part C, Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science
1999

 

The application of a three-dimensional (3D) inverse design method in which the blade geometry is computed for a specified distribution of circulation to the design of turbomachinery blades is explored by using two examples. In the first instance the method is applied to the design of radial and mixed flow impellers to suppress secondary flows. Based on our understanding of the fluid dynamics of the flow in the impeller, simple guidelines are developed for input specification of the inverse method in order to systematically design impellers with suppressed secondary flows and a more uniform exit flow field. In the second example the method is applied to the design of a vaned diffuser. Again based on the understanding of the detailed flow field in the diffuser obtained by using 3D viscous calculations and oil flow visualizations, simple design guidelines are developed for input specification to the inverse method in order to suppress corner separation. In both cases the guidelines are verified numerically and in the case of the diffuser further experimental validation is presented.